Options Trading
0 6 min 7 mths


Investment portfolios are often made up of different asset classes. These are typically stocks, mutual funds, ETFs, and bonds. Options are another class of asset. When used correctly, options trading offers many benefits that trading in stocks and bonds alone does not. Before discussing these benefits, we will get the definition.

What are the Options?

An “option” is a contract that allows (but does not require) an investor to buy or trade instruments such as securities, ETFs or index funds after a specified period of time at a specified price. Call and put options are made in the options market. An option that allows you to buy shares at a later date is called a “call option”. On the other hand, an option that allows you to sell stocks at some point in the future is a “put option”.

Difference between options trading and other instruments

Options are considered lower risk instruments than traditional futures contracts used in the trading of stocks, indices and commodities. Because you can choose at any time whether you want to terminate or revoke your option contract. It also means that, unlike stocks, options do not belong to any company. Therefore, the market price of the option (also called a premium) is part of the underlying security or asset.

How does options trading work?

When an investor or trader buys or sells options, they have the right to exercise that option at any time before the expiration date. The simple purchase or sale of an option does not require exercise on the expiration date. Due to this structure, options are classified as “derivative securities”. In other words, the price of options is derived from other factors such as the value of the underlying assets, stocks and other instruments).

Benefits of options trading

Buying options requires less initial effort than buying shares. The price to get an option (trading fees and premiums) is much lower than the price a trader would have to pay to buy stocks.

Options trading allows investors to freeze the price of their shares at a certain amount for a period of time. The fixed share price (also known as the strike price) ensures, depending on the option category used, that this price can be traded at any time before the option contract expires.

It improves a trader’s investment portfolio through additional income, leverage and even protection. A common way to limit losses is to protect against a stock market crash. Additionally, It can be used to generate a recurring source of income.

Options trading is inherently flexible. Before their options contract expires, traders can take several strategic steps. It involves the use of options to buy stocks and add them to your investment portfolio. Investors can also try to buy the shares and then sell some or all of them for a profit. You can also sell the contract to another investor for a higher price before it expires.

How to Use call option

A call option allows a trader to buy a series of stocks in the form of bonds, stocks, or other instruments such as indices and ETFs at any time before the contract expires. If you buy a call option at a profit, you would prefer the price of the asset or security to rise. This is because your call options contract allows you to buy the underlying asset or security at a predetermined lower price. Therefore, in this case, you will get a discount if you use your call option contract. However, keep in mind that you will need to renew your calling option (usually quarterly, monthly, or weekly). As a result, options are known to “sell out” all the time, which essentially means they lose value over time. For call options, beware of lower strike prices as this indicates that the call option has a higher intrinsic value.

How to use put option

A put option contract gives the investor the ability to sell a number of shares of an underlying security, asset or product at a predetermined price before the contract expires. Such contracts can generate profits if the prices of assets or securities fall in the future. It does this by selling little electricity.


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